Management Theories - The 4 Pillars of Management

Management Theories - The 4 Pillars of Management

Not all managers can have all skills but they can be developed through training.

Although all managers would benefit from some aspects of the four pillars of management, each will be stronger in some areas than others. The most successful organisation with have managers who combine to provide all the skills above which will ‘hold the company up’.

Whilst many organisations today exhibit a horizontal culture of management, there is still a need to acknowledge the four pillars of management which conjures up a more vertical structural image.


Managers with good command skills have a natural authority. They are not dictatorial or forceful, but are able to implement effective systems; to take a vision and create a well- thought out process to achieve the objective. It is often associated with military activity, for example Alexander the Great. Command skills are often linked closely with leadership skills – but you need to be able to implement a vision – not just have a great idea! Communication is key here as the vision and ultimate goal need to be shared – but remember this can often mean a change in direction which can, in turn, create tension as there is often a natural reluctance to change. Well-developed command skills will help overcome these tensions and ensure success.


Control skills relate to processes, procedures, efficiency and structure. It is not about controlling people, but about controlling the way in which the goal will be achieved. It covers many aspects of organisational activities, for example creating project plans, allocating tasks, delegation of activities, evaluation, agreeing procedures and putting controls in place to monitor success. The goal needs to be communicated and the team coordinated in order to achieve the vision or maximise the opportunity.


Management skills are slightly different to leadership skills – more conceptual and concerned with planning and organisation. These attributes are needed in order to plan the stops required to achieve a vision. More practical than purely leadership skills.


Leadership skills are those of vision and the ability to spot opportunities. Managers with well-developed leadership skills have good interpersonal skills and can raise the morale and team spirit of their staff.


If you would like to develop the pillars of management as part of your management & leadership skills sets why not look into a CMI management & leadership qualification with Professional Academy? If you would like some more indepth information on management & leadership courses you can download a copy of our latest qualification brochure or contact one of our qualification advisors today to help find the right qualification for you.